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Oderfloden


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Oder (polsk og tjekkisk: Odra) er en flod på grænsen mellem Tyskland og Polen. Oders kilde er i Tjekkiet ved Ostrava. Floden er 854,3 km lang (741,9 km i Polen). Oder udmunder i Østersøen (over Roztoka Odrzańska og Stettiner Haff, polsk: Zalew Szczeciński, tysk: Stettiner Haff) i Szczecin, Police og Świnoujście-område.[Wikipedia]

  • neuzelleklosterkirke

    Foto: Klosterkirken, Gottfried Hoffmann -…(CC BY 3.0)

    Neuzelle er en lille landsby, der trykker sig op ad Oderfloden langt mod øst. Så langt, at det næsten er Polen. Den helt dominerende del af Neuzelle er et gammelt kloster med en omtumlet historie. Det endte med at blive i barok stil, og dem er der vist ikke mange klostre af. Og så er der virkelig god øl og most at hente i Neuzelle.

  • 60 km nordøst for Berlin ligger det fredede landskab Schorfheide-Chorin, som er en af Tysklands største skove. Og udover at søge mod roen i de dybe skove kan du i nærheden besøge den store skibselevatoren fra 1934 i Niederfinow og noget derfra ligger det middelalderlige Kloster Chorin. Her er der koncerter om sommeren. Tag evt cyklen med der op.

  • seelowslaget

    Forfatteren Ove C. Kronborg har en dyb viden om begivenhederne omkring Berlin i krigens sidste dage. Vil du på sporet af slaget om Berlin har Ove C. Kronborg skrevet dette turforslag til berlin-guides læsere, hvor du kommer på sporet af kampene omkring Seelower Höhen øst for Berlin i februar - april 1945. Det var her en million russere satte den afgørende offensiv ind mod Berlin og 55.000 soldater mistede livet. Du skal have bilen med og det tager mindst en dag at komme igennem og besøge kirkegårde, nedlagte stillinger, mindelunde, kæmpebunkere, giftgasfabrikker, ruiner. Det smukke Oderbruch-landskab står i skarp kontrast til de voldsomme begivenheder, der fandt sted her.

  • kostrinfor

    Foto: Luftoptagelse af Küstrin før 2. verdenskrig. Bagerst til højre anes Berliner Tor, som i dag er restaureret og noget nær det eneste, der er genkendeligt i byen.

    Küstrin var en tysk by ved bredden af Oderfloden med mange århundreders historie. Kun 80 kilometer øst for Berlin. 90 procent af byen blev fuldstændig ødelagt i 2. verdenskrig og størstedelen af byen endte i Polen, da den tyske grænse blev flyttet mod vest. Den kaldes også Oderflodens pompeii og i dag er der få ruiner at se. I dag er byens polske navn Kostrzyn nad Odrą.

  • schwedt

    Foto: Marienkirche i Schwedt, 2018. Rauenstein, (CC BY-SA 3.0).

    Schwedt/Oder ligger ved Oderfloden i Brandenburgs nordøstligste hjørne. På den anden side af floden hedder landet Polen. Der har boet mennesker her i mindst 3.000 år.

  • stettin

    Foto: Pixabay, (CC0 1.0)

    Szczecin er en havneby i det nordvestlige Polen med 400.000 indbyggere. Det er den næststørste havneby i Polen. Szczecin har mere end tusind års historie – og langt det meste af den historie er kasjubisk, tysk, svensk, russisk, fransk og dansk. Det tyske og danske navn for byen er Stettin. Kasjuberne kalder byen for Szczecëno. Bevægende historie og verdens ældste biograf venter. 

  • eisenhuttenstadt

    Foto: Ben Kaden, FlickrCC BY 2.0 

    Eisenhüttenstadt er en socialistisk planby ved Oderfloden og den polske grænse, som blev grundtlagt i 1950. Der skulle bygges et stålværk og der var brug for en ny by. Den blev oprindeligt døbt Stalinstadt. Byen ligger 110 kilometer øst for Berlin. Så langt mod øst, at du næsten er i Polen. 

  • frankfurtOder

    Foto; Sivi Steys, Flickr. (CC BY-SA 2.0)

    Frankfurt an der Oder er grænsebyen til Polen. Det er en by, der næsten er på vej væk. I DDR tiden boede der 88.000 mennesker men antallet af beboere nærmer sig med hastige skridt næsten en halvering. I 2013 blev her talt 58.000 - noget af en de-vikling. Byen hedder egentlig kun Frankfurt men tilføjes "an der Oder" for at adskille den fra storebror Frankfurt (am Main).